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A complete explanation of the BHK: What is One, Two, or Three BHK Housing?

A complete explanation of the BHK: What is One, Two, or Three BHK Housing?

BHK is the short form of “bedroom, hall, and kitchen.” It is typically used to communicate how many rooms are in a property. If a property is listed as having 1 BHK, it means there is only 1 bedroom, 1 hall, and 1 kitchen. Similar to this, “2 BHK” refers to the property’s two bedrooms, one hall, and kitchen. Please keep in mind that there is always a bath and a toilet in every type of BHK, regardless if the acronym omits the letter T for toilet or the additional letter B for bathroom. There may be 2 or 3 bathrooms and toilets available for 2 BHK and 3 BHK units, depending entirely on the builder and project.

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In addition to flats, BHK is also used to refer to bungalows, builder floors, standalone homes, and villas. You may be familiar with the idea of a BHK or 0.5 BHK flat, which normally consists of a kitchen, a bathroom or toilet, and a somewhat smaller-than-average bedroom. The growing urbanisation of India and shifting housing demand are both contributing to the growth of the 0.5-BHK flat trend in the country. In luxurious BHK homes, a half bedroom is commonly an option.


1 BHK features a master bedroom with a typical size, a hall, and a kitchen. Typically, the master bedroom’s bathroom and toilet are located outside of the room and are not attached. One-bedroom configurations are popular among individuals looking for real estate exposure, especially in primarily focused regions, due to the price range they fall under.

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1.5 BHK

A house with a 1.5 BHK features a main bedroom that is the usual size and a secondary bedroom that is smaller. This tiny room has multiple uses, including storage, a study, a servant’s quarter, and a child’s room. Numerous interior designers also advise utilising the additional flat room as a puja room. The main bedroom-like amenities and windows may or may not be present in this room.


The term “2 BHK” stands for “2 bedrooms, 1 hall, and 1 kitchen.” The two-bedroom home’s master bedroom has an attached bathroom, but the other bedroom might or might not. Typically, it’s outside the space. These apartments are popular with families with young children because they are larger than a one-bedroom and less expensive than a three-bedroom.

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2.5 BHK

A 2.5-BHK home has 2 main bedrooms, 1 secondary bedroom, 1 living room, and 1 kitchen. Two large bedrooms and one smaller room are often the conventional sizes for this arrangement. The smaller room may be employed as a servant’s room, a study room, or a place to store other things like groceries or unused items. Particularly in major cities like Delhi, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Bangalore, etc., the demand for such BHK apartments is growing. Since they provide the comfort of a 3 BHK at an affordable price, most middle-sized families prefer a 2.5 BHK.


An apartment having three bedrooms, a kitchen and a living room is referred to as a 3-BHK. Recently, these units have gained more and more popularity, particularly in the cities of Mumbai, Bangalore, Noida, and Gurgaon. The majority of three-bedroom house plans have three bathrooms, two of which are located next to the bedrooms. In most cases, the third bathroom is outside of the bedroom and is used as a guest bathroom.

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Built Up Area and Carpet Area

We have already covered the whole structure and specifics of the BHK. However, it is essential to check the carpet and built-up areas when purchasing a flat. It’s because most people prefer to conflate the two terms. As a new homeowner, you should be aware that the carpet area in a BHK refers to the space you will use in your residence. The wall thickness, lobby area, lift, stairwell, etc. are not included in this area. Whereas, the built-up area refers to the space covered by the carpet, the balcony, and the interior walls.

Things to remember before choosing the perfect BHK flat

When selecting a BHK residential property for yourself, there are many factors to look at. Let’s go into more detail about a few key elements.

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Size of the Apartment: Residential flats come in a variety of sizes. In some circumstances, it may be possible to find a 2 BHK apartment that is as spacious as a 3 BHK apartment. For instance, one agent may offer a 3 BHK residential flat in 1200 Sq Ft under one building whereas another agent may offer a 2 BHK of the same size. The size of the family in such situation, as well as your preferences—for example, whether you would prefer more rooms of a smaller size or fewer rooms of a bigger size—must be taken into consideration.

Budget: The main factors affecting the cost of the various flat designs are the location and the amenities that the builder provides. It is preferable to make a budget and then follow it.

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Basic Amenities: You should check the proximity of facilities like grocery stores, pharmacies, and retail shops before selecting a suitable living property.

Tax Benefits: You need to assess the tax advantages that come with buying a home. On mortgage loans, a number of tax advantages are available. Ensure that the house you purchase is approved from the top banks that offer home loans with a special set of advantages, such as a longer payback period, reduced interest rates, a larger loan amount, etc. This would enable you to fulfil all of your financial commitments while building the house of your dreams.

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